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《训俭示康》知识点复习

时间:2018-11-05 14:36:28    浏览数:

魔方娱乐《XUNJIANSHIKANG》ZHISHIDIANFUXI


【原文欣赏】《训俭示康》

魔方娱乐WUBENHANJIA,SHIYIQINGBAIXIANGCHENG。WUXINGBUXIHUAMI,ZIWEIRUER,ZHANGZHEJIAYIJINYINHUAMEIZHIFU,ZHEXIUNANQIQUZHI。ERSHITIANKEMING,WENXIYANDUBUDAIHUA。TONGNIANYUE:“JUNCIBUKEWEIYE。”NAIZANYIHUA。PINGSHENGYIQUBIHAN,SHIQUCHONGFU﹔YIBUGANFUGOUBIYIJIAOSUGANMING,DANSHUNWUXINGERYI。ZHONGRENJIEYISHEMIWEIRONG,WUXINDUYIJIANSUWEIMEI。RENJIECHIWUGULOU,WUBUYIWEIBING。YINGZHIYUE:KONGZICHENG“YUQIBUXUNYENINGGU”﹔YOUYUE“YIYUESHIZHIZHEXIANYI”﹔YOUYUE“SHIZHIYUDAO,ERCHIEYIESHIZHE,WEIZUYUYIYE。”GURENYIJIANWEIMEIDE,JINRENNAIYIJIANXIANGGOUBING。XI,YIZAI!

魔方娱乐JINSUIFENGSUYOUWEICHIMI,ZOUZULEISHIFU,NONGFUNIESILV。WUJITIANSHENGZHONG,XIANGONGWEIQUNMUPANGUAN,KEZHIWEICHANGBUZHIJIU,HUOSANXING、WUXING,DUOBUGUOQIXING。JIUGUYUSHI,GUOZHIYULI、LI、ZAO、SHIZHILEI﹔YAOZHIYUFU、HAI、CAIGENG,QIYONGCI、QI。DANGSHISHIDAFUJIAJIERAN,RENBUXIANGFEIYE。HUISHUERLIQIN,WUBOERQINGHOU。JINRISHIDAFUJIA,JIUFEINEIFA,GUO、YAOFEIYUANFANGZHENYI,SHIFEIDUOPIN,QIMINFEIMANAN,BUGANHUIBINYOU,CHANGLIANGYUEYINGJU,RANHOUGANFASHU。GOUHUOBURAN,RENZHENGFEIZHI,YIWEIBILIN。GUBUSUISUMIZHE,GAIXIANYI。JIEHU!FENGSUTUIBIRUSHI,JUWEIZHESUIBUNENGJIN,RENZHUZHIHU!

魔方娱乐YOUWENXILIWENJINGGONGWEIXIANG,ZHIJUDIYUFENGQIUMENNEI,TINGSHIQIANJINRONGXUANMA,HUOYANQITAIAI。GONGXIAOYUE:“JUDIDANGCHUANZISUN,CIWEIZAIXIANGTINGSHICHENGAI,WEITAIZHUFENGLITINGSHIYIKUANYI。”CANZHENGLUGONGWEIJIANGUAN,ZHENZONGQIANSHIJIZHAOZHI,DEYUJIUJIA,JIRU,WENQISUOLAI,YISHIDUI。SHANGYUE:“QINGWEIQINGWANGGUAN,NAIHEYINYUJIUSI?”DUIYUE:“CHENJIAPIN,KEZHIWUQIMIN、YAO、GUO,GUJIUJIUJIASHANGZHI。”SHANGYIWUYIN,YIZHONGZHI。ZHANGWENJIEWEIXIANG,ZIFENGYANGRUWEIHEYANGZHANGSHUJISHI,SUOQINHUOGUIZHIYUE:“GONGJINSHOUFENGBUSHAO,ERZIFENGRUOCI。GONGSUIZIXINQINGYUE,WAIRENPOYOUGONGSUNBUBEIZHIJI。GONGYISHAOCONGZHONG。”GONGTANYUE:“WUJINRIZHIFENG,SUIJUJIAJINYIYUSHI,HEHUANBUNENG?GURENZHICHANGQING,YOUJIANRUSHEYI,YOUSHERUJIANNAN。WUJINRIZHIFENGQINENGCHANGYOU?SHENQINENGCHANGCUN?YIDANYIYUJINRI,JIARENXISHEYIJIU,BUNENGDUNJIAN,BIZHISHISUO。QIRUOWUJUWEI、QUWEI、SHENCUN、SHENWANG,CHANGRUYIRIHU?”WUHU!DAXIANZHISHENMOUYUANLV,QIYONGRENSUOJIZAI!

YUSUNYUE:“JIAN,DEZHIGONGYE﹔CHI,EZHIDAYE。”GONG,TONGYE﹔YANYOUDEZHEJIEYOUJIANLAIYE。FUJIANZEGUAYU,JUNZIGUAYU,ZEBUYIYUWU,KEYIZHIDAOERXING﹔XIAORENGUAYU,ZENENGJINSHENJIEYONG,YUANZUIFENGJIA。GUYUE:“JIAN,DEZHIGONGYE。”CHIZEDUOYU。JUNZIDUOYUZETANMUFUGUI,WANGDAOSUHUO﹔XIAORENDUOYUZEDUOQIUWANGYONG,BAIJIASANGSHEN﹔SHIYIJUGUANBIHUI,JUXIANGBIDAO。GUYUE:“CHI,EZHIDAYE。”

XIZHENGKAOFUZHANZHOUYIHUKOU,MENGXIZIZHIQIHOUBIYOUDAREN。JIWENZIXIANGSANJUN,QIEBUYIBO,MABUSHISU,JUNZIYIWEIZHONG。GUANZHONGLOUGUIZHUHONG,SHANJIEZAOZHUO ,KONGZIBIQIXIAOQI。GONGSHUWENZIXIANGWEILINGGONG,SHIQIUZHIQIJIHUO﹔JIXU,GUOYIFUDEZUICHUWANG。HECENGRISHIWANQIAN,ZHISUNYIJIAOYIQINGJIA。SHICHONGYISHEMIKUAREN,ZUYICISIDONGSHI。JINSHIKOULAIGONGHAOCHIGUANYISHI,RANYIGONGYEDA,RENMOZHIFEI,ZISUNXIQIJIAFENG,JINDUOQIONGKUN。QIYUYIJIANLIMING,YICHIZIBAIZHEDUOYI,BUKEBIANSHU,LIAOJUSHURENYIXUNRU。RUFEITUSHENDANGFUXING,DANGYIXUNRUZISUN,SHIZHIQIANBEIZHIFENGSUYUN。

FANYI:

魔方娱乐WOBENLAICHUSHENZAIBEIWEIZHIJIA,SHISHIDAIDAIYIQINGLIANDEJIAFENGXIANGHUCHENGXI。WOSHENGXINGBUXIHUANSHEHUALANGFEI。CONGYOUERSHIQI,ZHANGBEIBAJINYINSHIPINHEHUALIDEFUZHUANGJIAZAIWOSHENSHANG,ZONGSHIGANDAOXIUKUIERBATAMENPAOQIDIAO。ERSHISUITIANZHONGKEJU,WENXIYANSHANGDUYOUWOBUDAIHUA。TONGNIANZHONGJUDERENSHUO:“HUANGDIDEENCIBUNENGWEIKANG。”YUSHICAIZAITOUSHANGCHAYIZHIHUA。YIBEIZIDUIYUYIFUQUQIZUYIYUHANJIUXINGLE,DUIYUSHIWUQUQIZUYICHONGJIJIUXINGLE,DANYEBUGANGUYICHUANZANGPODEYIFUYIXIANSHIYUZHONGBUTONGERQIUDEHAOMINGSHENG,ZHISHISHUNCONGWODEBENXINGZUOSHIBALE。YIBANDERENDOUYISHECHILANGFEIWEIRONG,WOXINLIWEIDUYIJIEJIANPOSUWEIMEI,RENMENDOUJIXIAOWOGUZHIBILOU,WOBURENWEIZHEIMEISHENMEBUHAO。HUIDATAMENSHUO:“KONGZIZAISHUO:‘YUQIJIAOZONGBUXUN,NINGKEJIANLOUHANSUAN,YOUSHUO:‘YINWEIJIEYUEERFANGUOSHIDEHENSHAO’,YOUSHUO:‘YOUZHIYUTANQIUZHENLIERYICHUANDEBUHAOCHIDEBUHAOWEIXIUCHIDEDUSHUREN,SHIBUZHIDEGENTATANLUNDE’,GURENBAJIEJIANKANZUOMEIDE,DANGJINDERENQUEYINJIEJIANERXIANGJIYI,AI,ZHENQIGUAIA!”

魔方娱乐JINNIANLAIDEFENGQIYOUWEISHECHILANGFEI,PAOTUIDEDADUOCHUANSHIRENYIFU,NONGMINCHUANSIZHIPINZUODEXIE。WOJIDETIANSHENGNIANJIANWODEFUQINDANRENQUNMUSIPANGUAN,YOUKERENLAIWEICHANGBUBEIBANJIUSHI,YOUSHIXINGSANBEIJIU,HUOZHEXINGWUBEIJIU,ZUIDUOBUCHAOGUOQIBEIJIU。JIUSHICONGSHICHANGSHANGMAIDE,SHUIGUOZHIXIANYULIZI、ZAOZI、BANLI、SHIZIZHILEI,CAIYAOZHIXIANYUGANROU、ROUJIANG、CAITANG,CANJUYONGCIQI、QIQI。DANGSHISHIDAFUJIALIDOUSHIZHEIYANG,RENMENBINGBUHUIYOUSHENMEFEIYI。JUHUISUIDUO,DANZHISHILIJIESHANGYINQIN,YONGLAIZUOZHAODAIDEDONGXISUISHAO,DANQINGYISHEN。JINLAISHIDAFUJIA,JIUJIARUBUSHIANGONGNEINIANGJIUDEFANGFANIANGZAODE,SHUIGUO、CAIYAOJIARUBUSHIYUANFANGDEZHENPINTECHAN,SHIWUJIARUBUSHIDUOGEPINZHONG、CANJUJIARUBUSHIBAIMANZHUOZI,JIUBUGANYUEHUIBINKEHAOYOU,CHANGCHANGSHIJINGGUOLEJIGEYUEDEJINGBANJUJI,RANHOUCAIGANFAXINYAOQING。RUGUOZHEIYANGZUO,RENMENJIUHUIZHENGXIANZEGUAITA,RENWEITABILOULINSE。SUOYIBUGENZHEXISUSUIFENGDAODERENJIUSHAOLE。AI!FENGQIBAIHUAIDEXIANGZHEIYANG,YOUQUANSHIDERENJISHIBUNENGJINZHI,NENGRENXINZHUZHANGZHEIZHONGFENGQIMA?

YOUTINGSHUOCONGQIANLIWENJINGGONGDANRENZAIXIANGSHI,ZAIFENGQIUMENNEIXIUJIANZHUFANG,TINGTANGQIANJINJINNENGGOURANGYIPIMAZHUANGUOSHEN。YOURENSHUODIFANGTAIXIAZHAI,LIWENJINGGONGXIAOZHESHUO:“ZHUFANGYAOCHUANJIZISUN,ZHEILIZUOWEIZAIXIANGBANSHIDETINGTANGQUESHIXIAZHAILEXIE,DANZUOWEITAIZHUJISIHEFENGLISIYIDETINGTANGYIJINGHENKUANLE。”CANZHENGLUGONGDANRENJIANGUANSHI,ZHENZONGPAIRENJINJIZHAOJIANTA,SHIZAIJIUDIANLIZHAODAOTADE。RUCHAOHOU,ZHENZONGWENTACONGNALILAIDE,TAJUSHIHUIDA。HUANGSHANGSHUO:“NIDANRENQINGYAOXIANGUIDEJIANGUAN,WEISHENMEZAIJIUGUANLIHEJIU?”LUGONGHUIDASHUO:“CHENJIALIPINHAN,KERENLAILEMEIYOUCANJU、CAIYAO、SHUIGUO,SUOYIJIUZHEJIUGUANQINGKERENHEJIU。”HUANGSHANGYINWEILUGONGMEIYOUYINMAN,GENGJIAJINGZHONGTA。ZHANGWENJIEDANRENZAIXIANGSHI,ZIJISHENGHUOXIANGSHOURUTONGCONGQIANDANGHEYANGJIEDUPANGUANSHIYIYANG,QINJINDERENYOUDEQUANGAOTASHUO:“NINXIANZAILINGQUDEFENGLUBUSHAO,KESHIZIJISHENGHUOXIANGSHOUXIANGZHEIYANGJIANSHENG,NINSUIRANZIJIZHIDAOQUESHISHIQINGLIANJIEJIAN,WAIRENYOUHENDUODUININYOUZHANGWENJIEXIANGGONGSUNHONGGAIBUBEIGAOQIZHADEJIPING。NINYINGGAISHAOWEISUICONGYIBANRENDEXIGUANZUOFACAISHI。”ZHANGWENJIETANXISHUO:“WOXIANZAIDEFENGLU,JISHIQUANJIACHUANCHOUGUADUAN、GAOLIANGYUROU,PASHENMEBUNENGZUODAO?RANERRENZHICHANGQING,YOUJIEJIANJINRUSHECHIHENRONGYI,YOUSHECHIJINRUJIEJIANJIUKUNNANLE。XIANGWOXIANZAIZHEIMEGAODEFENGLUNANDAONENGGOUYIZHIYONGYOU?SHENQUNANDAONENGGOUYIZHIHUOZHE?RUGUOYOUYITIANWOBAGUANHUOSIQU,QINGKUANGYUXIANZAIBUYIYANG,JIALIDERENXIGUANSHECHIDESHIJIANYIJINGHENZHANGLE,BUNENGLIKEJIEJIAN,NEISHIHOUYIDINGHUIDAOZHIWUCUNSHENZHIDI。NARUWULUNWOZUOGUANHAISHIBAGUAN、HUOZHEHAISHISIQU,JIALIDESHENGHUOQINGKUANGDOUYONGJIURUTONGYITIANBUBIANNI?”AI!DAXIANZHEDESHENMOUYUANLV,NASHICAINENGPINGCHANGDERENSUONENGBIDESHANGDENI?

YUSUNSHUO:“JIEJIAN,SHIZUIDADEPINDE;SHECHI,SHIZUIDADEEXING。”GONG,JIUSHITONG,SHISHUOYOUDEXINGDERENDOUSHICONGJIEJIANZUOQIDE。YINWEI,RUGUOJIEJIANJIUSHAOTANYU,YOUDIWEIDERENRUGUOSHAOTANYUJIUBUBEIWAIWUYISHI,KEYIZOUZHENGZHIDELU。MEIYOUDIWEIDERENRUGUOSHAOTANYUJIUNENGYUESHUZIJI,JIEYUEFEIYONG,BIMIANFANZUI,SHIJIASHIFUYU,SUOYISHUO:“JIEJIAN,SHIGEZHONGHAODEPINDEGONGYOUDETEDIAN。”RUGUOSHECHIJIUDUOTANYU,YOUDIWEIDERENRUGUODUOTANYUJIUHUITANLIANAIMUFUGUI,BUXUNZHENGDAOERXING,ZHAOZHIHUOHUAN,MEIYOUDIWEIDERENDUOTANYUJIUHUIDUOFANGYINGQIU,SUIYIHUIHUO,BAIHUAIJIATING,SANGSHISHENGMING,YINCI,ZUOGUANDERENRUGUOSHECHIBIRANTANWUSHOUHUI,PINGMINBAIXINGRUGUOSHECHIBIRANDAOQIEBIERENDEQIANCAI。SUOYISHUO:“SHECHI,SHIZUIDADEEXING。”

GUOQUZHENGKAOFUYONGZHANZHOULAIWEICHISHENGHUO,MENGXIZIYINCITUIZHITADEHOUDAIBICHUXIANDADEREN。JIWENZIFUZUOLUWENGONG、XUANGONG、XIANGGONGSANJUNWANGSHI,TADEXIAOQIEBUCHUANCHOUYI,MABUWEIXIAOMI,DANGSHIYOUMINGWANGDERENRENWEITAZHONGYUGONGSHI。GUANZHONGSHIYONGDEQIJUSHANGDOUJINGDIAOXIKEZHEDUOZHONGHUAWEN,DAIDEMAOZISHANGZHUIZHEHONGHONGDEMAODAI,ZHUDEFANGWULI,LIANDOUGONGSHANGDOUKEHUIZHESHANYUETUXING,LIANLIANGSHANGDUANZHUDOUYONGJINGMEIDETUANZHUANGSHIZHE。KONGZIKANBUQITA,RENWEITABUSHIYIGEDACAI。GONGSHUWENZIZAIJIAZHONGYANQINGWEILINGGONG,SHIQIUTUIZHITABIRANHUIZAODAOHUOHUAN,DAOLETAERZIGONGSHUXUSHI,GUORANYINJIAZHONGHAOFUERHUOZUI,YIZHITAOWANGZAIWAI。HECENGYITIANYINSHIYAOHUAQUYIWANTONGQIAN,DAOLETADESUNZIZHEIYIDAIJIUYINWEIJIAOSHEERJIACHANDANGJIN。SHICHONGYISHECHIMIFEIDESHENGHUOXIANGRENKUAYAO,ZUIZHONGYINCIERSIYUXINGCHANG。JINDAIKOULAIGONGHAOHUASHECHIKANCHENGDIYI,DANYINTADEGONGLAOYEJIDA,RENMENMEIYOUPIPINGTA,ZISUNXIRANTADEZHEIZHONGJIAFENG,XIANZAIDADUOQIONGKUNLE。QITAYINWEIJIEJIANERSHULIMINGSHENG,YINWEISHECHIERZIQUMIEWANGDERENHAIHENDUO,BUNENGYIYILIEJU,SHANGMIANGUQIEJUCHUJIGERENLAIJIAODAONI。NIBUJINJINZISHENYINGDANGSHIXINGJIEJIAN,HAIYINGDANGYONGTALAIJIAODAONIDEZISUN,SHITAMENLEJIEQIANBEIDEZUOFENGXISU。

JIANJIE:


《训俭示康》出自《温国文正司马公文集》,作者司马光,字君实,号迂叟。汉族。陕州夏县山西夏县,世称涑水先生。

BEIJING:

魔方娱乐《XUNJIANSHIKANG》SHIBEISONGSHIXUEJIASIMAGUANGSUOXIEDESANWENZUOPIN,WEISIMAGUANGXIEJIQIZISIMAKANG,JIAODAOTAYINGGAICHONGSHANGJIEJIANDEYIPIANJIAXUN。

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