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班级文化建设的探索与实践

时间:2016-03-03 16:48:06    浏览数:

摘要 班级建设是教育尤其是基础教育重要的一部分,班级管理的质量直接关系到学生的健康发展,因此,凡是从事班级教育的教育工作者,都会进行班级建设探索与实践。本文从班级文化建设的三个方面具体论述了班级建设的实践与操作,包括班级环境建文化建设,班级制度文化建设,班级精神文化建设。在制度文化管理中,主要从抓住班级初建的黄金时机,在制度管理中渗透民主意识,制度的实施要坚持,制度的实施要一视同仁等四个方面进行具体论述。在环境文化建设方面,内容为教室的整洁,教室的墙壁文化,教室外墙的文化,桌面文化等四方面结合实际的案例进行论述。在班级精神文化建设方面,包括培养班级精神,培养班级凝聚力,以班级班级活动为载体形成积极向上的班风,培养学生的人际交往能力等方面。文章结合笔者在教育教学中的实践,再从文化的高度高屋建瓴,对班级文化建设的实践和操作做出了清晰地解释和说明。本文既是一线教育者对学校教育的总结和实践,又是作者对教育教学的深刻思考,对用心教育的教育工作者是一种指导和引领。

 

关键词 魔方娱乐班级 管理 文化 实践

 

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BANJIWENHUAJIANSHEDEZHUYAONEIRONGSHIBANJIHUANJINGWENHUA,BANJIZHIDUWENHUA,BANJIJINGSHENWENHUADENG。BANJIWENHUADEHEXINSHIBANJIJINGSHENHEJIAZHIQUXIANG。YIGEZHUZHONGBANJIWENHUAJIANSHEDEBANJI,HUININGJUBANJIDEMEIYIGEXUESHENG,RANGMEIYIGEXUESHENGDOUXIANGYANG,XIANGSHAN,XIANGSHANG,ZAIYOUXIUDEBANJINENGXUEYOUSUODE,XUEYOUSUOZHANG,BUJINNENGDEDAOXUESHIDEZENGJIA,GENGNENGGOUDEDAOJINGSHENDEXUNRANHERENGEDEWANSHAN。XIAMIANBIZHEJIUJIEHEZIJIDEJIAOYUJIAOXUEJINGLI,TANTANBANJIWENHUAJIANSHEDETANSUOYUSHIJIAN。

一、班级制度文化是班级发展的基础

 ZHIDUGUANLI,ZUICHUBINGMEIYOUSHANGSHENGDAOWENHUADEGAODU。DANBANJIGUANLIDECHUJIJIEDUAN,BIXUYOUZHIDUZUOBAOZHENG。SUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,XUESHENGZHUJIANXINGCHENGLEDUIZHIDUGUANLIDEJUEWUHEZIJUE,CONGSIXIANGSHENCHUMINGBAILEZHIDUDEZUOYONGYUJIAZHI,ZHEIGESHIHOU,ZHIDUGUANLIJIUZHUBUSHANGSHENGWEIYIZHONGWENHUAGUANLI。YINERBANJIZHIDUWENHUAJIANSHE,SHIYOUJIEDUANXINGDE。YIBANLAIJIANG,ZHIDUWENHUAJIANSHEBIXUYIZHONGXUESHENGRICHANGXINGWEIGUIFANHEXUEXIAODEXIANGGUANZHIDUWEIYIJU,TONGSHIGENJUBANJISHIJI,ZHIDINGJUYOUBANJITESEDEBANJIGUIDING。BANJIZHIDUWENHUAJIANSHESHIXINGCHENGLIANGHAOBANFENGDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN,YAOSHIFENZHONGSHI。GENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGKEYIZHIDINGLEYIXIAZHIDU,BANJIXUESHENGYIRICHANGGUIZHIDU,BANJIYIZHOUGONGZUOZONGJIEZHIDU,BANGANBUDINGQIHUIYIZHIDU,ZHIRIBANZHANGZHIDU,BANJIWEIJICHENGJIEZHIDU,WEISHENGGUANLIZHIDUDENG。LIRUZHIRIBANZHANGZHIDU,JIUSHIMEIRIYIMINGZHIRIDETONGXUE,FUZEQUANBANDEJILV,WEISHENG,CHUQINDENGDEJIANCHAHEJIZAI,DANGTIANWANSHANGZUOCHUZONGJIEYUPINGJIA。ZHEIYANGYOUZHUYUMEIGEXUESHENGGUANZHUBANJIDEXUEXISHENGHUODEZHUANGTAI,PEIYANGXUESHENGZERENGANHEGUANLIYISHI。

ZAISHIJIZHIDUGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOZHUYIYIXIAJIFANGMIAN:

魔方娱乐1.ZHUAZHUBANJICHUJIANDEHUANGJINSHIJI。XINJIANYIGEBANJI,YIQIEDOUSHIXINDE,XUESHENGDUIXINDEBANJIHEBANZHURENCHONGMANQIDAI,BANZHURENYINGZHUAZHULIANGJIGAOHAOZHIDUJIANSHE,JINXING“FAZHI”ERBUSHIRENZHI,JINERDIANDINGZHENGGEBANJIDEZHIDUGUANLIJICHU。BIRU,SHANGKEBUNENGCHIDAO,CHIDAOYAOCHUFA,RANGXUESHENGYIKAISHIJIUSHULIGUIJU,YOUYANMINGDEJILVYISHI。JIUERJIUZHI,XUESHENGJIUXINGCHENGZIJUEYISHI,XINGCHENGYIZHONGWENHUAZIJUE。BIRUKAIXUECHUGANGFANXIAO,YIMINGCHENGJIYOUYIDEXUESHENGMEIYOUZAISHANGKEZHIQIANFANXIAO,CHIDAOLE,BEIXUEXIAOZHUAZHULE,SHUYUWEIJI。JINGUANZHEIGEHAIZIHENYOUXIU,DANWEIFANBANGUIBIXUSHOUDAOYIDINGDECHENGFA。DANGSHIZHEIGEHAIZIHEJIAZHANGDOUXIWANGBUYAOCHUFA,SHUOYOUHENDUOYUANYIN,YEBAOZHENGXIABUWEILI,DANZAIKAIXUEZHICHU,ZHENGSHIBANJIFENGQIPEIYANGDEHUANGJINSHIJI,SUOYI,WOJIUJIANCHIYUANLAIDECHUFAJUEDING,TONGSHIZAIQUANBANXUANBUJUEDING。ZICIHOU,XUESHENGDEJILVYISHIJIUSHANGLEYIGETAIJIE,ZHIDAOZUNSHOUZHIDUJISHIWEIZIJIHAO,YEWEIBANJICHUANGZAOLIANGHAODEFENWEI。

2.ZAIZHIDUGUANLIZHONGSHENTOUMINZHUYISHI。XUEXIAOJIAOYUDEZHUTISHIXUESHENG,XUESHENGSHIBANJIDEZHUREN,SUOYIZAIBANJIZHIDUWENHUAJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOCHONGFENZUNZHONGXUESHENGDEYIJIAN。BANJIZHIDUKEYITONGGUOXUESHENGTAOLUN、BANWEIXIUGAI、ZUIHOUQUANBANXUESHENGTOUPIAODEFANGSHILAIZHIDING。ZHEIYANGZHIDINGCHULAIDEZHIDUCAIHUIDEDAOXUESHENGDERENKE,CAIHUIYOUSHENGMINGLIHESHIXIAOXING。BANJIGUANLIDEGUISUSHIRANGDAJIADEDAOJIANKANGDECHENGZHANG,SUOYIYAOJINGCHANGLINGTINGXUESHENGDEJIANYIBINGJIANGYIXIETIYISHANGSHENGWEIBANJIGUIDING。YOUYICI,XUESHENGCONGBIEDEBANJILEJIEDAO,KEQIANJIFENZHONG,KEDAIBIAOKEYITISHIXIAJIEKESHANGKEDEFUXIHEYUXIYAOQIU,YOULIYUWEICHIBANJIDEJILV,RANGBANSHANGJINKUAIANJINGXIALAI。ZHEIGEJIANYIHENHAO,WORANGQUANBANTAOLUN,JIEGUODAJIAHENZHICHI,JIUXINGCHENGYIXIANGGUIDING,RANGKEDAIBIAOZHIXING,XIAOGUOHENHAO。ZHIDULAIZIYUXUESHENG,ZIRANTIXIANLEMINYIJICHU,YOUHELIXINGHESHENGMINGLI。

魔方娱乐3.ZHIDUDESHISHIYAOJIANCHI。HENDUOBANJIDEGUANLIQUEFALUOSHI,XUESHENGDESIXIANGGAODUSHIYOUXIANDE,BUKENENGYIXIAJIUZUODAOWANMEI。ZAIYANGEDE“ZHIFA”GUOCHENGZHONG,XUESHENGHUIQIANGHUAJILVGUANNIAN,CONGERXINGCHENGYIZHONGZIJUE。LIRUKAOSHISHI,XUESHENGRONGYIFANGSONG,QIZHONGKAOSHI,YIGEXUESHENGWEIJI,DANKAOSHISHITOUDENGDASHI,XIANRANGXUESHENGKAOSHI,BUYINGXIANGQIKAOSHIQINGXU,DANLAOSHIGAOSUGAIXUESHENG,KAOWANSHI,JIUCHUFA。XUESHENGJUEDELAOSHIHENJIANGDAOLI,ZHIDUSHISIDE,RENSHIHUODE。YIFANGMIAN,WEIJIJIUSHIYAODEDAOCHENGFA,BIXUJIANCHI,LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAIZHIXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOBIANTONG,ZHEIYANG,XUESHENGXINFU,YEZHICHI,TONGSHIYECHENGWEIZHIDUGUANLIDEZUIDASHOUYIZHE。

4.ZHIDUDESHISHIYAOYISHITONGREN。XUESHENGDEJIAOYUSHIDUOWEIDUDE,BUJINJINSHICHENGJIDETISHENG。PEIYANGYIZHONGGONGPINGLINIANHEJIANKANGDERENGEYESHIJIAOYUDEZEREN。GUANYUZHEIGEWENTI,SHIJISHANGHAISHIQIANGDIAOZHIDUDEYUESHU,ERBUSHIRENDEDEZHUGUANYIZHI。TONGYANGSHIWEIJI,TONGSHIYOUCHENGJIHAODEXUESHENG,YEYOUCHENGJIBIHAODETONGXUE,JIAOSHISHENZHIKEYIDUICHENGJIHAODEXUESHENGPIPINGDEGENGJIAYANLI,ERBUSHIZHIPIPINGCHENGJICHADETONGXUE,HUOZHEZHISHAOCHUFAHEPIPINGSHIYIYANGDE,BUYAOZAIYANCISHANGCHUXIANGERENDEQINGXUQINGXIANG。ZHEIYANGDAJIACAIXINFUKOUFU,ZHEIYANGZHIDUGUANLICAINENGSHENRURENXIN。

二、班级环境文化建设为学生成长提供土壤

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1.JIAOSHIDEZHENGJIE。JIAOSHIWEISHENGTIXIANYIGEBANJIDEWENMINGGAODU。SHIXIANGYIGEDAOCHUSHILAJI,XUESHENGSUIBIANRENGDONGXIDEBANJIZENMEHUIYOUGAOPINWEIDEWENHUAZHUIQIUNI?ZHEILIQIANGDIAOYIGEXIJIE,JIUSHIHEIBANDEGUANLI。HEIBANDEGUANLITIXIANLEYIGEBANJIDEWENHUAGAODU。DUONIANLAI,JIAOSHIYUXUESHENGYONGHEIBANSHUACAHEIBAN,FANGFOTIANJINGDIYI。DANJUNBUJIANHEIBANZHOUWEI,CHENTUFEIYANG,LAOSHIMANSHENSHIFENBIHUI,DIYIZHUODETONGXUEMEITIANCHIDUOSHAOFENBIHUIA!YINCI,WOMENBANCONGJIANBANDIYITIAN,JIUYONGSHIDEMOBUCAHEIBAN,JICAGANJINGLEHEIBAN,YOUTIXIANLEBANJIGUANLIDERENWENGUANHUAI。SUIRANGANGKAISHIBUXIGUAN,DANXIANCONGSHISHENGDEJIANKANGLAISHUO,JUEDUISHIYOUBAILIWUYIHAI,ERQIECONGKEGUANSHANGJIANG,ZHENZHENGBAOZHENGLEZHENGJIEDEJIAOSHIHUANJING。

魔方娱乐2.JIAOSHIDEQIANGBIWENHUA。BAOKUOQIANGSHANGYAOZHANGTIEBIAOYU,LIZHIYUJINGSHIDEMINGYANJINGJU;YEBAOKUOTUSHUJIAO、TONGZHILANDENGZITIYUSEDIAODEDAPEI;HAIYOUBANXUN,LIXIANGSHU,BANJIJINGSAIBIAOGEDENG。LIRUBANXUN,HENDAOBANJIBINGBUZHONGSHI,ZHEIQISHISHIBANJIWENHUAJIANSHEDEYIGEZHONGYAOFANGMIAN,。ZAIJIAOSHIDEQIANMIANZHANGTIEXIANYANDEBANXUN,SHIBANJIJINGSHENDEHONGYANG,YESHIBANJIDIQIDETIXIAN。KAIXUECHU,WOJIUCHASHUHEZILIAO,ZHAODAOLESHUYUBENBANTESEDEBANXUN,ZHUANMENQINGLEDANGDIDESHUFAJIA,SHUXIELEBANXUN,ZHUANMENZHUANGBIAO,RANHOUZHENGSHIXUANGUAZAIBANJIDEQIANMIAN。ZAIYIGESHIDANGDESHIHOU,JIANGMINGBANXUNDENEIHANHEYIYI,XUESHENGZIRANHENSHOUJIAOYUHEGUWU。TONGSHI,HUANJINGDEWENHUAJIUBUZAISHIWUZHIDECENGMIAN,JIUSHANGSHENGWEIJINGSHENGAODULE。

魔方娱乐3.JIAOSHIWAIQIANGDEWENHUA。FADONGXUESHENGJINGXINSHEJI,QIAOMIAOBUZHI,CHONGFENLIYONGJIAOSHIGUODAODEQIANGBI。BAOKUOYUEKAOGUANGRONGBANG,XUEXICHENGGUOZHAN,SHUFAZHANDENGNEIRONG。JISHISHIXIAKE,YEHUIDUIDEXUESHENGCHANSHENGYINGXIANGHEXUNTAO。RUYUEKAOYINGXIONGBANG,HENDUOBANJIZHIYOUXUEXIBIAOBINGJINBUBIAOBINGHEDANKEZHUANGYUAN,ERWOMENBAN,HAIZENGJIALEDEYUBIAOBING,YOUXIUKEDAIBIAO,YOUXIUBANGANBUYIJIYOUXIUDENG。SUOYI,XINGSHISHIYIFANGMIAN,NEIRONGDESHEJIGENGZHANGXIANYIGEBANJIDEWENHUADIYUN。

4、ZHUOMIANWENHUA。QISHIWEISHUSHENGLAOSHIDUIXUESHENGDEZHUOMIANYOUHENHAODEZUOFA,NEIJIUSHIZUOYOUMING。BANJIGUANLI,ZAIXIJIESHANGGENGTIXIANCHUSHENDU。YINCI,ZAIZUOYOUMINGSHANGXIEFUHEXUESHENGGEXINGDEMINGYANJINGJU,OUXIANG,CHAOYUEDEDUIXIANG,SHENZHIDUIZIJIDEJIJIANSHIDENG,DOUZAIWUXINGZHONGDUIXUESHENGCHANSHENGQIANYIMOHUADEYINGXIANG。LINGWAI,ZHUOMIANSHANGDESHUDEBAIFANG,WENJUDEDEGEZHI,XUESHENGDEZUOZIDOUYINGGAIHENYOUJIANGJIU。

三、班级精神文化建设提升班级的内在品质

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魔方娱乐1、PEIYANGBANJIJINGSHEN。YIGEBANJIYAOYOUBANJIJINGSHEN。ZHEIZHONGJINGSHENYAOCHUJIXUESHENGDELINGHUN,SHENSHENYINKEZAIXUESHENGDENAOHAI,YINGXIANGXUESHENGDEXINGWEI。LIRU,ZAIJIANBANZHICHU,JINGGUOGUANCHAHEMEIRIDEXUESHENGDEBIAOXIAN,BANSHANGYOULIANGGEXUESHENGSHIJIANGUANNIANHENQIANG,PAOBUCHIFAN,PAOBUJINJIAOSHI,PAOBUCHUCAO,RANGDAJIAHENGANDONG。YUSHI,BANJIJINGSHENJIUZAIJIZHOUHOUDEDAOSHENGHUA,NEIJIUSHIBA“YUSHIJIANSAIPAODEJINGSHEN”。DUIYUZHEIZHONGJINGSHEN,TONGGUOBANHUI,JIAZHANGHUIHERENKEJIAOSHIPENGTOUHUIXUANCHUAN,RANGBANJIMEIYIGEXUESHENGDOUXUEXIHEFAYANG。JIEGUO,BANSHANGHENDUOXUESHENGDOUZHUJIANXINGCHENGZHENXISHIJIANDEHAOXIGUAN。BANJIJINGSHENYESHIYIGEBANJITESEDEHEXIN。

魔方娱乐2.PEIYANGBANJININGJULI。ZHENGRUWOMENDEMINZUZIHAOGANYIYANG,BANJININGJULISHIBANJIJIANSHEZHONGHENKAOYANYIGEBANJIDESHILIDE。YOUQISHIBANJIFENBANSHI,LAIZIBUTONGBEIJINGXIADEXUESHENGZUHEZAIYIQI,XINGGE、XIGUAN、JIATINGBEIJINGWANQUANBUYIYANG,BANZHURENZENMENENGBATAMENTUANJIEZAIYIKUAI,XINGCHENGQIANGDADECICHANGHEXIANGXINLI,ZHEISHIYIGENANTI。ZAISHIJIGUANLIZHONG,YOUHENDUOGUANLILIANGJI,RUYUNDONGHUIHEPAOCAOBISAIDENGHUODONG。JIDEGANGZUJIANBANJIDESHIHOU,XUEXIAOZUZHIPAOCAOBISAI,HENDUOTONGXUEHENYOUJITIRONGYUGAN,JIJIXUNLIAN,DANYOUYUBANJIHENDUO,YOUMEIYOUZIXIN,DANXINPAOBUHAO。BANZHURENJIUJIEJIHUIGULIXUESHENGWEILEBANJIRONGYUERKEKUXUNLIAN,TIGAOPAOCAOZHILIANG。JINGGUOJIANKUDEXUNLIAN,ZAIZHENGSHIBISAIZHONG,BANJIHUODELEQIANSANMINGDECHENGJI,BANJIDENINGJULIDEDAOKONGQIANDETISHENG,MEIGETONGXUEGENGJIAREAIBANJI,JUYOUQIANGLIEDEBANJIRONGYUGAN。

魔方娱乐3.YIBANJIBANJIHUODONGWEIZAITI,XINGCHENGJIJIXIANGSHANGDEBANFENG。HUODONGSHIWENHUADEZAITI。TONGGUOHUODONGDEKAIZHAN,RANGMEIGEXUESHENGCHONGFENDEZHANSHIZIJIDECAINENG,QIANGHUAZIJIDETEDIAN,XINGCHENGXIANGSHANGDEPINGE。HENDUOTONGXUEQUEFAZIXIN,KENENGZAIMOUYIFANGMIANYOUTEZHANG,DANJINRUZHONGXUEHOU,CHENGTIANMANGYUXUEXI,DANCHENGJIYOUMEIYOUYIDINGDEGAODU,YUSHIZIBEIHUOZHEXIAOJIANSHIZIJI,RUCIEXINGXUNHUAN,BIJIANGDUIXUESHENGDEXINXINZAOCHENGZHIMINGDECHONGJI。YOUYICI,BANJIZUZHIZHISHIJINGSAI,HENDUOPINGSHIBUXIANSHANLUSHUIDEXUESHENGBIAOXIANTUCHU,HUODELEBANZHURENDEGONGKAIBIAOYANG,TONGSHIYEHUODELEBANJITONGXUEDEZUNZHONG,JIFALEXUESHENGDENEIQULI。ZAIJIEXIALAIDEYIGEYUEZHONG,ZHEIJIGEHUODEBIAOYANGDEXUESHENGJIUXIANGHUANLEGERENSIDE,ZHUDONGJIJIWENLAOSHITI,YUTONGXUEJIAOLIU,ZAIGELEICESHIZHONGCHENGJIYEZHUBUSHANGSHENG。ZHEIJIUSHIHUODONGDELILIANG。

4.PEIYANGXUESHENGDEZONGHERENJIJIAOWANGNENGLI。RUGOUTONGNENGLI,XIEDIAONENGLI,TUIXIAONENGLIDENG,DOUSHIXUESHENGCHIZAOYAOJIESHOUKAOYANDESHEHUINENGLI。HENDUOXUESHENGJINRUDAXUECAIFAXIANZIJIZHISHIYIGESHUDAIZI,CHULEXUEXIWAI,SHENMEDOUBUHUI,DUIYUDAXUEDEHENDUOHUODONGZHINENGZUOBISHANGGUAN,ZHEISHIHENBEIAIDE。JIAOYUSHIWENHUAHUODONG,BUSHIPEIYANGSHUDAIZIHEGONGJUDEDIFANG。YINCI,BANJIJIANSHEZHONG,BANZHURENYAOYOUWENHUADEGAODU,WEIXUESHENGTIGONGPINGTAI,PEIYANGXUESHENGDEZONGHENENGLI,YISHIYINGJIANGLAIDEFUZADESHEHUI。HENDUOXUESHENGCHENGJISHANGBULEGAODU,QUEFADEBUJINSHIFENSHU,GENGSHIYIZHONGZUOSHIDENENGLI。BIRU,NAOBIENIUDAOZHITONGXUEGUANXIBUHAO,JINERYINGXIANGXUEXI。BUHUIHEZUO,BUHUIZIYUANGONGXIANG,DAOZHIXINXIBISAI,SHIQUXIANGBIERENXUEXIDEJIHUI。ZHEIXIENENGLIHENZHONGYAO,GUANXIDAOXUESHENGDERENGEWANMEIHEGEXINGJIANKANGFAZHAN。BANZHURENYAOYOUYISHIDECONGSIXIANGSHANGJIYUZHENGQUEDEZHIDAO,ZAIXIJIESHANGJIYUJUTIDEBANGZHU,RANGMEIGEXUESHENGBUJINCHENGJIDEDAOTISHENG,HAIZAIZONGHENENGLISHANGDEDAOPEIYANGHEDUANLIAN,WEIJINRUDAXUEHESHEHUIDAXIAZHASHIDEJICHU。

ZONGERYANZHI,BANJIWENHUAJIANSHESHANGYIGEWAIYANHENGUANGNEIHANHENFENGFUDEKETI,ZHIDEJIAOYUGONGZUOZHEBUDUANDIYANJIUHETANSUO。SHANGMIANZHISHIBIZHEDEYIXIESIKAOHETANSUO,ZUOWEIBANZHUREN,BIXUZAIBANJIWENHUAJIANSHESHANGJINXINGDADANDETANSUO,BUDUANCHUANGXIN,YISHIYINGXIANDAIJIAOYUDEFAZHAN,JIXUESHENGDAQIYIPIANYULANDETIANKONG,RANGXUESHENGNENGZAIXUEYOUSUODEDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZAIJINGSHENSHANGYEHUODEJIANKANGCHENGZHANG,SHOUHUODEBUJINSHIXUEYEDEFENGSHOU,GENGSHIYIZHONGPINGE,RENGEDEWANSHAN。

 

 

 

 

CANKAOWENXIAN

魔方娱乐[1]LISHUAIXING,LUYING. XUEXIAOWENHUASHENTOUDEDENEIHAN、TEDIANJIMOSHI.JIAOXUEYUGUANLI 2012(1)

[2]LILINGYONG XUEXIAOWENHUADEGONGNENG—YIZHONGSHEHUIXUEDESHIJIAO.JIAOYULILUNYUSHIJIAN,2010(4)

魔方娱乐[3]ZHAOZHONGJIAN.XUEXIAOWENHUA.SHANGHAI:HUADONGSHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE,2004

魔方娱乐[4]WANGPANFENG,ZHAOYUNLAI.GOUJIANYIXUESHENGWEIBENDEKETANGWENHUA.ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUEKAN,2008(9)

魔方娱乐[5]LIUDEQUAN,ZHANGLANWEI.XUEXIAOWENHUADEJIANSHEYUSIKAO。ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUEKAN,2008(S1)

[6]WUWENJUAN.BANJIGUANLISANJINGJIE.BANZHURENZHIYOU2009(12)

[7]WEISHUSHENG《BANZHURENGONGZUOMANTAN》,LIJIANGCHUBANSHE1993

[8]ZHONGJIASHENG.TANTANBANJIWENHUAJIANSHE[J].JIAOYUJIAOXUE,2007,(3)

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