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情感共鸣:有效班会的重要途径

作者:8+1工作室 侯志强  时间:2015-03-19 08:54:22    浏览数:

 

魔方娱乐CHIXIXINJIAOSHOUZAITADEZHUANZHU《YOUXIAOZHUTIBANHUIBAJIANG》ZHONGTIDAO:“HENDUOBANHUIZAISHEJISHIDUIQINGGANJIAOYUDEMUBIAOGUANZHUBUGOU,QUEFAJIFAXUESHENGQINGGANDEQIADANGSUCAIHEHESHIDEHUODONGXINGSHI,BANHUIPINGPUZHIXU,MEIYOUQIFUHEJIEZOUDEBIANHUA。……ZHUCHIJIBUNENGGANDONGXUESHENG,YEBUNENGGANDONGZIJI……HUODONGJIBUNENGDADONGXUESHENGDEXINLING,JIFATAMENDEQINGGAN,YEBUNENGRANGXUESHENGTONGGUOBANHUIZHONGTICHUDEWENTICHANSHENGSHENKEDESIKAO。”WOMENZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGYETINGDAOLAOBANMENJINGCHANGBAOYUANXUESHENGZAIBANHUIZHONGBIAOXIANTAILIZHI、TAIMAMU、TAILENGKUDENGDENG,JINGDIANDUANZIJIUSHI:“NIZAISHANGMIANJIDONGDEFADOU,XUESHENGXIAMIANWEIGUANSHUAHOU。”NEIME,LAOBANMENZENYANGCAINENGYOUXIAODIDIAODONGXUESHENGDEQINGGAN,RANGTAMENZAIGONGMINGZHONGJIESHOUWOMENDELINIANNI?WOMENJIEHEZIJIDESHIJICAOZUO,CONGLAOBAN、KETANG、LAIYUANYIJIRICHANGSIGEFANGMIANHELAOBANMENFENXIANGTANTAO。

YI、LAOBANYAOZUODESHI

魔方娱乐BANZHURENYAOXIANGZAIBANHUIZHONGKUAISUHEXUESHENGCHANSHENGQINGGANGONGMING,WOMENRENWEIBIXUZUODAOYIXIAJIDIAN:

魔方娱乐DIYI、YAOPINGDENG:SHISHENGQINGGANCHANSHENGDEJICHU

BANZHURENBUNENGZAIZUOBANHUIDEZHUJIAO,BUNENGGAOYIYANTANG,ERCHENGWEIXUESHENGKETANGXUEXIDEHEZUOZHEHEYINDAOZHE,CHENGWEIYUXUESHENGGONGTONGXUEXITANJIUDEDUIHUAZHE,CHENGWEIXUESHENGKETANGXUEXIHEFAZHANDEJILIZHE。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUBANZHURENFANGXIAJIAZI,ZHENZHENGZUODAOPINGDENG。ZAIDUIHUA、TANJIU、SHIJIANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,SHISHENGHUDONG,SHENGSHENGHUDONG。SHIJISHANG,JINZHEIYITIAOJIUXIANZHILEBANSHUYISHANGDEBANZHURENZAIBANHUISHANGYOUXIAOKAIZHANHUDONG,JIESHILEXUESHENGWEISHENMEZONGSHICHENMOYIDUIDEYUANYIN。

XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,SUOWEIPINGDENGBUJINJINSHIKETANGSHANGDEPINGDENG,ERSHIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGYEYAOPINGDENG。FOUZEBIAOLIBUYI,XUESHENGYEBUHUIMAIZHANG。ZHEIYEJIWOMENTILEGEXING,YAOZHUYIYUXUESHENGMENDEQINGGANWEIHU,ZHEIBUJINYOUZHUYUTIGAOBANHUIXIAOGUO,GAISHANSHISHENGGUANXI,GENGLIYUBANZHURENFANGXIAJIUDUANDEJIAZI,BAIPINGXINTAI,CONGERTIGAOZIWODEXIUYANG。

DIER、YAOTOURU:YUXIANGANREN,BIXIANGANJI

YAOJIQIXUESHENGDEQINGGANGONGMING,SHIQIGANDONG,SHOUXIANBANZHURENZIJIYAOGANDONGZIJI。GONGMINGSHISHUANGFANGQINGGANTIYANDEDEHUXIANGYINZHENG,ZHIYOUBANZHURENZIJIJUYOUFENGFUDEQINGGANTIYAN,BAZIJIZHENZHIDEQINGGANGUANZHUDAOZIJIDETANHUADANGZHONG,CAINENGGANRAN、DADONGXUESHENG。BIRUCHENGRENYIQIANWOMENMIMIQINGJIAZHANGJIZIJIDEHAIZIXIELEHECI,YISHIGUOHOUDEDIYIGEBANHUIZHONGWOMENJINGXUANLEJIPIAN,ZHENGDEXUESHENGTONGYIHOUGONGKAILANGDU,DUDAOYIWEIGANGSHIQUMUQINDEHAIZIJIAZHANGLAIXINSHI,QINGGANCHANSHENGQIANGLIEGONGMING,ZIJIDOUBEIGANDONGDESHENGLEIJUXIA,QUANBANTONGXUECHOUQISHENG、XINGBITISHENGBUJUEYUER,CHENGJIULEYITANGCHENGGONGDEGANENHELIZHIJIAOYU。

QISHI,SUOWEITOURU,TADELINGYIGEMINGZISHIZHENCHENG。

DISAN、HUANWEISIKAO:CHUANSHANGXUESHENGDEXUEZIZOUZOULU

要想情感共鸣,班主任就必须设身处地地为他们想想,否则再投入也只能被当成作秀。换位思考,找到他们的立场,然后找到共鸣点,事情就好办了。比如我们刚接到高三20班的时候,了解到这个班谈恋爱现象特别严重,有十几对之多,如果在高三刚接班就大张旗鼓地“棒打鸳鸯”,必会民怨沸腾,然后揭竿而起,一发不可收拾,还谈什么提高成绩?于是在第一次班会课上,我们提到此事时,只是提及了高三谈恋爱的危害——情感动荡,影响专注。然后要求学生:“你要是处于没谈但想表白的阶段,趁早死了这个念头,免得在关键时期害己害她(他);要是已经谈了,我只有两个要求:注意举止、别再吵架了。”学生先是大愣,然后哄堂大笑。我趋势问道:“我的要求过分不过分?”学生大喊:“不过分!”我继续强化道:“只要你能做到这两条,我不但不过问,谁要有困惑解决不了还可以来找我,我帮你出主意。”学生又笑,戒备之意大消。随着日后对高三恋爱问题的不断纠正,后来还真有两名女生找我求救,我班也并无学生因情感问题而耽误学习。若没有前面设身处地地为他们着想,一个新任班主任岂会这么容易就走进了学生的心里呢?

魔方娱乐DISI、CHUILIANYUYAN:DIAODONGXUESHENGQINGGANDEGUANJIAN

YUYANNENGGOUDADONGRENXIN,SHENGQINGBINGMAODEYUYANCAIJUYOUGANRANLI。BANZHURENDEYUYANZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJUEDINGZHEBANHUIDEXIAOGUO。YINCI,RUOYAOHEXUESHENGGONGMING,CHUILIANYUYANYESHIYIDAGUANJIAN。WOMENKEYISHIZHECONGSANGEFANGMIANZHESHOU:

首先是语言风格。

BANZHURENDEYUYANYAOKEXUE、GUIFAN,HAIYAOQINQIE、YOUMEI、SHENGDONG,TEDINGDESHIHOU,HAIXUYAOYOUMO、HUIXIE。BIRUQUNIANSHIYUEDIKAISHIJIANGWEN,LIUGANLAIXI。XUESHENGAIMEIBUYUANTIANYI,SHENGBINGDEBUSHAO。WOMENZHUANMENKAILEGE“BUJILIUGANKAIMEN”DEWEIBANHUI,JIANGDAOZUIHOUSHUODAO:“DANGRAN,ZAIHAODEFANGFAYEBURUDUOCHUANYIWU。ZHEISHISHANGYOUZHONGHANLENGZUICHEGU——BUSHITIANHANDIDONG,ERSHINIWANGCHUANQIUKU!”XUESHENGDAXIAO,DANGTIANJIUYOURENTIANJIALEWAITAO。

XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,LAOBANMENWULUNYONGHEZHONGYUYAN,DOUYIDINGYAOHEZIJIDEGERENFENGGEXIANGXIEDIAO,FOUZEJIUHUIXIANDEFUKUA。YOUDELAOBANPINGRIYIBENZHENGJING,TURANJIANCHAKEDAHUNJIUHUIHEZHEXUESHENG;YOUDELAOBANYOUMOGUANLE,NIJIUSUANPINMINGSHANQINGXUESHENGYEHUIJUEDEGAOXIAO。DANBINGBUBIAOSHIWOMENJIUMEIYOUFAHUIDEYUDI,BIRUYANSUDELAOSHIKEYIOUERJIANGGELENGXIAOHUA,BINENGXUNSULAJINSHISHENGJULI;YOUMODELAOBANJIESHIKANGKAIJIANGYIHUI,DAOYENENGJIFAXUESHENGDEQINGXU,JIUKANLAOBANMENBAWODEDURUHELE。

其次是注意选词。

YOUYIWEILAOSHIJIELEYIGEFANGNIUBAN,KAIXUEDIYITIAN,TAQINQIEDIDUITONGXUEMENSHUO:“YOURENSHUOWOMENSHIFANGNIUBAN,LAJIBAN,ZHEISHIMEIYOUDAOLIDE,JIUNATIYUCHENGJILAISHUO,WOMENBUDANBUSHILAJIBAN,ERQIEKEYIDANGYOUDENGBAN……”ZHEIYIXIHUASHITONGXUEMENCONGDILUODEQINGXUZHONGZHENFENQILAILE,ZAIZIBEIDEXINZHONGSHULILEXINXIN。

HEYIHUIYOUZHEIYANGDEXIAOGUO?YUANLAI,ZHEIWEILAOSHIDEHUABUJINCHONGMANXINRENHEGULI,GENGZHONGYAODESHI,ZHEIWEILAOSHIZAIJIANMIANDEDIYITIAN,JIUBAZIJIZHIYUZHEIGEBEIRENQIAOBUQIDEJITIZHONG,TAZUOYIGE“WOMEN”,YOUYIGE“WOMEN”,SHIZHEIXIENEIXINCHONGMANLEZIBEIGANDEXUESHENGMENGANSHOUDAOLEWENNUANHEQINQING。XINLISHANGDEJIECHUHEQINGGANSHANGDEGONGMING,SHIDEZHEIWEILAOSHIDEYIFANHUADUIXUESHENGMENJUYOUFEICHANGDADEGUWUZUOYONG。

再次要合理运用态势语。

YOUSHIWUSHENGSHENGYOUSHENG。CHUYOUSHENGYUYANWAI,BANZHURENDEWUSHENGYUYAN,JITAISHIYUDEYUNYONGYESHIDIAODONGXUESHENGQINGGANDEYIGESHOUDUAN。YIGEWEIXIAODEHUDI,YIGEYANSHENDEJIAOLIU,YIGESHOUSHIDEBAIDONG,DOUHUIRANGXUESHENGGANSHOUDAOYIZHONGWENNUAN、YIZHONGGUANAI,SHIXUESHENGRUMUCHUNFENG。TAISHIYUSHIYOUSHENGYUYANDERUNHUAJI,RANGSHISHENGDEQINGGANJIAOLIUGENGJIALIUCHANGWUZU。

二、几个有效的课堂手段

第一、创设情境,以境“激”情

魔方娱乐BANHUIDEZHUTISHIYOUXIANSHIDEBEIJINGDE,ZHIYOUJIEZHUDUOZHONGTUJING,SHIXUESHENGCHANSHENGSHENLINQIJINGZHIGAN,CAINENGRANGXUESHENGZHENZHENGDEDAOQINGGANTIYAN。YINCI,BANZHURENCHUANGSHEDEQINGJINGYAOYUBANHUIZHUTIXIEDIAOYIZHI。

首先可以让媒体介入。在如今的教学条件下,班主任完全可以通过投影、播放视频、音乐等多媒体手段来烘托氛围,以调动学生情绪。读某人的奋斗史,可以播放钢琴背景乐《蜗牛》;想进行校园安全教育,可以让学生观看近期的校园事故新闻,等等。合理的多媒体运用是有效的催化剂,迅速把学生带入到特定情境当中,从而达成共鸣。但要避免过度依赖,以免冲淡班会主题。

其次可以把故事引入。处于信息爆炸的时代,大道理貌似人人都懂,学生们早就耳茧如墙,无动于衷;你要讲个寓言吧,他们小时候都会背了,也难有成效。这就需要老班们做一个有心人,有意识地积累一些有新意的素材,把要说的道理糅进去,学生就能听得进去。比如高三上学期我发现班里有几个大神,课下不怎么写作业,可成绩照样拔尖。有些学生羡慕之余,摹仿之风盛行。我们特意开了班会“大神是怎样炼成的——揭秘成神之道”,就是以一个故事引入的:

FEIJISHANG,WUYADUICHENGWUYUANSHUO:JIGELAIBEISHUI!ZHUTINGHOUYEXUEDAO:JIGEYELAIBEISHUI!CHENGWUYUANBAZHUHEWUYARENGCHUJICANG,WUYAXIAOZHEDUIZHUSHUO:SHALEBA?GEHUIFEI!

魔方娱乐XUESHENGTINGLEDAXIAO,WOMENZAIPANGZONGJIEDAO:“ZHEIGEGUSHISHUOMING,BIERENNENGZUODE,NIBUYIDINGNENGZUO。YINWEINIMEIYOUBIERENNEIYANGDEZIBEN!”JIEZHERANGDASHENMENXIANSHENSHUOFA,JIESHAOZIJIDEXUEXIJUEQIAOWEIZIJIZHENGMING。YUANLAI,ZHEIXIESUOWEIDE“DASHEN”,QISHIZHISHIMEIYICIDOUZOUZAILELAOSHIDEQIANMIAN,CONGERDADATIGAOLEZIJIDEXUEXIXIAOLV,WEIZIJIYINGDELEKEYUSHIJIAN。WOMENZAIJINYIBUZHICHUTAMENDEBUZU:RUGUODUOCHUDESHIJIANNENGYOUXIAOLIYONG,TAMENHUIBIANDEGENGYOUXIU。JIJIUZHENGLEFENGQI、YOUJIAOYULEBENREN、HAIPUJILEFANGFA,YIJUDUODE。XUESHENGDAWEIRENTONG,MUGUANGYEZHUANYIDAOZIJIDEXUEXIFANGFASHANGLAILE。

DIER、KETANGHUODONG,ZHIXINGHEYI

有时候主题过于抽象空洞,比如爱国、遵纪、守法等,宣讲是起不了多大作用的,不妨通过采访、小品表演、辩论、小组合作活动等多种形式来创设情境,使学生通过切身的体验产生强烈的情感共鸣,从而激发道德动机,实现了道德移情,从而实现德育目标。2011年10月13日,2岁的小悦悦(本名王悦)在佛山南海黄岐广佛五金城相继被两车碾压,7分钟内,18名路人路过但都视而不见,漠然而去,最后一名拾荒阿姨陈贤妹上前施以援手,引发网友广泛热议。我们借此事件,在班里举行班会“扶起跌倒的道德”,设置一个辩论环节:你若在场扶不扶?学生哗地分成了两派:支持派义愤填膺,仗义出手;反对派顾虑重重,恐遭讹诈。随着激烈地辩论,反对派的顾虑被一个个有效的防范措施所排除,胜负自出。这次班会给学生带来的震撼和启迪也不言自明。

DISAN、BANHUISUIBI,SHUFAGONGMING

魔方娱乐SUOWEI“BANHUISUIBI”,SHIZHIXUESHENGZAIBANHUIKESHANGCHANSHENGGONGMINGHOU,ZHUANXIESUIBISHUFAXINDE,YOUBANZHURENPIYUEBINGJIAOLIUDEDEYUXINGWEI。WODESHIXIONGYANGBINGLAOSHIZAITADEZHUANZHU《MEILIBANHUISHIZENYANGLIANCHENGDE》YISHUZHONGZHUANMENJIANGDAOLEBANHUISUIBIDEDEYUGONGNENG。TASHUO:“BANZHURENBUSHIJINGCHANGYUDAOZHEIYANGDEQINGXINGMA?BANHUIKESHANG,XUESHENGQINGXUJIANG,REXUEFEITENG,BANHUIKEHOUBUJIUYOUJIUBINGFUFA,YIRUWANGCHANG。”JINERTICHULESHIYONGBANHUISUIBILAIGONGGUBANHUICHENGGUO。WOMENRENWEI,CHUCIZHIWAI,BANHUISUIBIQISHIYESHIXUESHENGYONGLAISHUFAQINGGANDEYOUXIAOZAITI,TONGGUOZHEIGEZAITI,XUESHENGNENGBAXINZHONGPENGPAIDANDUANZANDEJIQINGCHENDIANWEICHENGSHUERLIZHIDESIKAO,YANGBINGSHIXIONGCHENGZHIWEI“DEYUNEIHUA”。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,YIGECHENGGONGBANHUIDEQINGGANGONGMINGCAISUANWANZHENG。

SAN、QINGGANGONGMINGHECHUXUN

DIYI、FADONGXUESHENG:SHENGSHENGXIANGXIZUIYIGONGMING

魔方娱乐XUESHENGDOUSHITONGLINGREN,YOUZHEGONGTONGDEQINGGANTIYAN。YINCI,BANZHURENYINGGAIZAIKETANGSHANGYOUYISHIDISHEZHIYIXIEHUANJIE,RANGXUESHENGZHIJIANXIANGHUJIAOLIU,YONGTAMENDEYANJINGHESIXIANG,CONGTAMENDEJIAODUTANTAOZHUTI,TONGGUOJIAOLIUPENGZHUANGCHUSIXIANGHEQINGGANDEHUOHUA,BANZHURENZAISHISHIJINXINGYINDAO。ZHEIYANG,JIKEYIRANGXUESHENGDEZHUTIDIWEIDEDAOTUCHU,YEDADAOLEDEYUDEXIAOGUO,SHISHENGDOUQINGSONG。BIRUWOMENKAIJINGDIANBANHUI“RANGBIERENYINWODECUNZAIERGANDAOXINGFU”,XIANTIDAOLERUHEZHUYIZIJIDEYANXINGXIJIEYISHIBIERENGANDAOXINGFU,RANHOUSHEZHILEYIGEFAYANDEHUANJIE——FENXIANGSHENBIANDERENDAIJINIDEXINGFUHEGANDONG。XUESHENGYIKAISHIHAIYOUXIENIUNIE,DANSUIZHELAOBANDEJIANCHIDIANMING,DAJIAZHUJIANFANGKAI,FENXIANGLEHENDUOTAMENZIJIDOUYISHIBUDAODEGANDONGSHUNJIAN。YOUWEITONGXUESHUODAO:“YOUYICIWOYIFUZHENGXIDAOYIBAN,TURANSHENGBING,BEIFUMUJIESONGDAOLEYIYUAN,HUILAIHOUFAXIANYIFUYIJINGBEISHIYOUMOUMOUXIWANLIANGSHANGLE,NEIYIKEWOJUEDETEGANDONG,TEXINGFU。”QUANBANTONGXUEHUIXINWEIXIAO,JITIGUZHANG,DOUCHENJINZAINONGNONGDEXINGFUZHIZHONG。

DIER、WAJUEJIAOCAI:QINGGANGONGMINGDEZIYUANKU

迟希新教授在他的《有效主题班会八讲》中说:“有效的德育是隐性德育。把主题教育的内容有机融入到学科教学中,不仅可以解决主题班会时间缺乏保障的现实问题,而且可以体现隐性德育的理念,使德育过程成为‘细雨湿衣’、‘闲花落地’的隐性过程,最大程度地避免德育的强制和灌输。”杨兵师兄也说:“德育越是了无痕迹,效果越是突出。”我们还认为,在授课中间巧妙地糅进一个3到5分钟的微班会,还可以有效地缓解师生疲劳,增加教学的魅力和有效性。下面分享一个案例和老班们交流。

谈笑间敲山震虎,须臾里见缝插针

有一次讲《学生双语报》第11期套题中的短文改错,有一个纠错点是把be proud for中的for改为of,我们顺势插入:“注意这个短语的介词为of,该短语的意思是为某人感到骄傲。今天小早读生物老师告诉我她现在给咱们班上课是一种享受,我听了倍感自豪:I'm proud of you!(插,从学科到德育)”学生会心一笑。我接着说:“不仅生物老师,我在咱班上课也是一种享受。当然,这是和19班相比较而得来的结论(展,引出德育主题)。”学生又笑,静听下文。

“前两天我给19班的同学分享了三句话,用来激励他们,说这个世界上分为三类人,”我转身在黑板上狂写:“下者虽令不行,中者遵令而行,上者先令而行”,并进一步解释道,“素质低的人得到指令后却不行动或偷懒抹滑,这样的人一辈子都不会有大出自己,是为下者;一般人得到指令会认真完成,这样的人一般会有一个比较好的前景,最起码能成为骨干或中层;而第三种人则会在指令发出之前就有了预判并提前行动,这样的人总是会成为领袖般的人物。就像咱班的几位同学,我今天布置练习短文改错,他们早已经提前做完了(捧,激励先进典型)!”受到表扬的学生表情愉悦,其余有人观望、有人讪讪。

“KESHIJIUZAIWOJITAMENFENXIANGWANDEDISANTIAN,TAMENDEZUOYEMEIYOUZUOWAN,WOSHUOMEIZUOWANDEDAOHOUMIANZHANYIZHAN,QUANBANJITIQILI,SHENGXIAZAIZUODEBUDAOSHIREN(LUO,JIQICHENGJIUGAN)!”QUANBANDAXIAO,XIANGDAOZIJIBANJIDEWANCHENGQINGKUANGLIANGHAO,DEYIZHIQINGYIYUYANBIAO。

“TONGXUEMENNIMENZIJISHUOSHUO,YINGYUZUOYEDUOBUDUO?”

“BUDUO!”BUJIASISUO,YIKOUTONGSHENG。

魔方娱乐“PINGLIANGXINSHUOHUA,NEIZHENSHIBUDUOYA!MEICIJINIMENBUZHIZUOYE,WODOUYAOSIKAOLIANGGEWENTI:YISHIQITAZUOYEDUOBUDUO?ERSHIBUZHITAIDUOHUIBUHUIBIDENIMENCHAOZUOYE?SHENZHIYOUSHENA(TUI,LAQIMINXINSUOXIANG)!”XUESHENGYOURENDIANTOU,YOURENCHENMO,RUOYOUSUOSI。

魔方娱乐“KEJIUSHIZHEIYANG,TAMENHAISHIWANBUCHENG。RUANDEBUCHI,FEIYAOCHIYINGDE,WOJUEDINGYIHOUJIUDUITAMENGAIBIANDAIYU。DANGRAN,ZANBANHAISHILAOYANGZIHA(JI,MINGPENGANQIAO),HAOLE,ZANMENJIXU(SHOU)。”XUESHENGDEYIDIXIAOZHE,XUEQILAIJINGSHENGENGZHUANZHULE。

魔方娱乐DISAN、JIEHESHENGHUO:JIEDIQICAINENGYOUGONGMING

YOUXIESHIHOUZHUTITAIGUOGAODASHANG,JIUYAOYOUYISHIDICONGXUESHENGDESHENGHUOZHONGTILIANCHULAICAINENGYINFAGONGMING。JINQIFAXIANXUESHENGHUATIDOULIBUKAIHUNANDIANSHITAIREBOLANMU“WOSHIGESHOU”,ERWOBENRENYESHIGAILANMUDEFENSI,YUSHIKAILEZHUTIWEI“GESHOUWEISHENMEZHEIYANGHONG”DEBANHUI,PAOCHULEJIGEWENTIRANGDAJIATANTAO:YI、NIWEISHENMEXIHUANZHEIDANGLANMU?ER、NIZUIXIHUANNAWEIGESHOU?WEISHENME?SAN、CHULEGEQUHEGESHOUBENSHEN,NIHAINENGCONGZHONGXUEXIDAOSHENME?YOUYUZHEISHIXUESHENGXIWENLEJIANDEHUATI,XUESHENGTAOLUNYICHANGRELIE,DAJIADEHUATIZHUJIANYOUGESHOUMENCHUSEDEBIAOYANGUODUDAOTAMENCHENGMINGBEIHOUBUXIEDEJIANCHI(RU“HUANGMA”)、DUIZIWOFENGGEDEKUANGREZHUIQIU(RUSHANGWENJIE)、DUIWUTAIHEGUANZHONGDEZUNZHONG(RUHANGUOGESHOUZHENGCHUNYUAN)、DUIXINGYEBIAOZHUNDEJIANXINGHETAIDUDEZHUANBIAN(RUHANHONG)DENGDENG,GANWUHEZHILIZHIZHEIMEJIANDAN!?JIANZHIJIUSHIYICILINGHUNDAXILI!

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